Proposal for the 2016 Pilot Study: Supplementing Skin tone Measurement from the 2012 ANES

A variety of social science and public health research has demonstrated the importance of skin
tone in the every day life of African Americans. For example, when comparing light and dark
skinned blacks, it is consistently found that darker skinned blacks experience worse
socioeconomic outcomes (Branigan et al. 2013; Hill 2000; Monk 2014), greater labor market and
wage discrimination (Goldsmith, Hamilton, and Darity 2007; Harrison and Thomas 2009; Wade
Romano, and Blue 2004), more punitive inflatable park criminal justice decisions (Blair et al. 2004; Eberhardt
et al. 2006; Viglione and DeFina 2010), greater social rejection from whites (Hebl et al. 2012), as
well as poorer physical and mental health related outcomes (Klonoff and Landrine 2000;
Thompson and Keith 2001). Still, the field of political science has had little opportunity to
explore how skin tone relates to the political world given the lack of measurement of skin color.

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